Events Calendar

Di Wang (Georgia Tech), "Local flow-based methods for graph clustering"

Di Wang (Georgia Tech), "Local flow-based methods for graph clustering"

Event time: 
Friday, December 7, 2018 - 2:00pm
Location: 
Yale Institute for Network Science See map
17 Hillhouse Avenue, Room 335
New Haven, CT 06511
Event description: 

“Local flow-based methods for graph clustering”

Speaker: Di Wang
Postdoc, Georgia Tech

Talk summary: We study the problem of graph clustering where the goal is to partition a graph into clusters, i.e. disjoint subsets of vertices, such that each cluster is well connected internally while sparsely connected to the rest of the graph. In particular, we use a natural bicriteria notion motivated byKannan, Vempala, and Vetta [KVV00] which we refer to as expander decomposition. Expander decomposition has become one of the building blocks in the design of fast graph algorithms, most notably in the nearly linear time Laplacian solver by Spielman and Teng [ST04], and it also haswide applications in practice.

For the global version, given graph $G$ and parameter $\phi$, we design $\tilde{O}{m/\phi)$ time algorithm to partition the vertices into clusters such that each cluster induces a subgraph of conductance at least $\phi$, while only a $\tilde{O}(\phi)$ fraction of the edges in the graph have endpoints across different clusters. This is the first nearly linear time algorithm when $\phi$ is at least $1/ polylog m$, whichis the case in most practical settings and theoretical applications, and only relies on simple and basic flow-based techniques. Previous results either take $m^{1+o(1)}$ time (e.g. [NS17, Wul17]), or attain nearly linear time but with a weaker expansion guarantee where each output cluster is guaranteed to be contained inside some unknown expander (e.g. [ST13, ACL06]).

In the local version of the problem, we are given a seed node $s$, and want to find a good cluster contatining $s$ (if there exists one) in time proportional to the size of the (unkown) cluster. While flow and probability mass diffusion (or more generally, spectral methods) have a long history of competing to provide good graph decomposition, local methods are predominantly based on diffusion. We design the first primarily flow-based local method for locating low conductance cuts, and it has exhibited improved theoretical and empirical behavior over classical diffusion methods, e.g. PageRank.

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